PATH CYCLABILITY ASSESSMENT INDEX MODEL USING DECISION TREE MAKING METHOD: A CASE OF DOHA-QATAR

Mohammad Salim Ferwati, Arezou Shafaghat, Ali Keyvanfar

Abstract


Transportation is the major contributor of ever-increasing CO2 and Greenhouse Gas emissions in cities all around the world; while the number of vehicles is rapidly growing. Growing concern on reducing transportation hazardous emissions and securing energy sources has led to New Urbanism and Smart Growth policies declarations. The urban and transportation professionals are attempting to develop innovative techniques to change people‘s travel mode selection to less energy-intensive modes, particularly, cycling. The current research has developed an urban index assessment model evaluates and analyzes cyclability of path segments in association with residents‘ decision making in cyclable route selection, called Path Cyclability Assessment Index (PACEX). The model was developed based on decision-tree-making (DTM) method to measure the qualitative data quantifiable. The model involves ninety (90) physical and environmental cyclability variables clustered into three layers of decision-tree-making (Layer 1: Features, Layer 2: Criteria, Layer 3: Sub-criteria). Although the model is applicable in any neighborhood, this research was implemented it in Doha, Qatar where specially needs for hosting FIFA 2022. The analysis result shows the sub-criterion F1.C1.S2 Existence of Crossing mostly affects to neighborhood cyclability (24.25%), in contrast, the sub-criterion F1.C3.S7 Street Surveillance affects least (4.82%); and overall neighborhood was ranked as grade B of cyclability ranking. The model supports both personal and society needs, preferences, and priorities of cyclable environment design and development. Using this model contributes to less energy consumption, less CO2 and GHG emissions, less street fatalities and accidents, simultaneously, promotes public health. Juxtaposing using the PACEX model aids decision makers and policy makers in sustainable urban development in prioritizing the allocation of resources for development and/or redevelopment of the area concerned.

Keywords


Transportation, Low-emission urban development, decision tree making, path optimization, traffic congestion

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ajibola, M. O., Oloke, O. C., & Ogungbemi, A. O. (2011). Impacts of Gated Communities on Residential Property Values: A Comparison of ONIPETESI Estate and Its Neighbourhoods in IKEJA, Lagos State, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Developm , 72-79.

American Society of Landscape Architecture. (2009, Sebtember 12nd). Cities for Cycling: Creating Bike-Friendly Streets. Retrieved December 09th, 2012, from The Dirt, Uniting the Built and Natural Environment: http://dirt.asla.org/2009/12/09/cities-for-cycling-creating-safe-urban-bike-infrastructure/

Aurigi, A. (2005). Making the digital city. USA: Ashgate Publishing Company.

Aurigi, A., & De Cindio, F. (2008). Augmented urban spaces: articulating the physical and electronic city. UK: Ashgate.

Authority of statistics. (2011). JUDICIAL AND SECURITY SERVICES. Doha, Qatar: Authority of statistics.

Authority, I. S. (2013). Retrieved from Economy Watch: http://www.economywatch.com/economic-statistics/Qatar/Population/Babiano, I.M. (2003). Sustainable + Mobility + Management: Pedestrian Space Management as a Strategy in Achieving Sustainable Mobility, Susatinability marketing Managmnet and Consumtion, summer academy, university of St. Gallen.

Bike Education. (2011, May 27th). Retrieved from Bike Friendly Arlington: http://bikefriendlyarlington.com/2011/05/27/bike-lane-or-bike-route-whats-the-difference/

Blakely, E. J., & Snyder, G. M. (1997). Divided We Fall: Gated and Walled Communities in the United States. Princeton Architectural Press .

Castells, M. (2001-2002). Space of Flows, Space of Places: Materials for a Theory of Urbanism in the Information Age. In R. T.LeGates, & F. Stout, The City Reader (Fifth Edition ed., pp. 573- 582). London and New York: Routledge.

Chernick, K. (2010, December 13th). An Insider’s Experience of Exploring Beirut by Bike. Retrieved from reen Prophet: file:///D:/2012-2013/Townscape/bicycle/case%20study%20lebanon.htm

Clifton, K.J., Livi, S., L., Andrea D., and Rodriguez, D. (2007). The development and testing of an audit for the pedestrian environment. Journal of Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 80(1-2), 95-110.

Crang, M. (2000). Public Space, Urban Space and Electronic Space: Would the Real City Please Stand Up? Urban Studies , 301-317.

Fischer, T. (2010, July 26th). Benefits of a Bike-Friendly CIty . Retrieved from Anthropological Observations on economics, politics, and daily life: file:///D:/2012-2013/Townscape/bicycle/benefits-of-bike-friendly-city%20%28case%20study%201%29.html

Fusero, P. (2009). E-City- Digital Networks & Cities of the Future. LIST Laboratorio.

Ghonimi, I., El Zamly, H., Khairy, M., & Soilman, M. (2011). The Contribution Of Gated Communities To Urban Development In Greater Cairo Region, New Towns. Journal of Al Azhar university ‐ Engineering Sector.

Handy, L.S., Boarnet, M.G., Ewing, R., and Killingsworth, R.E. (2002). How the built environment affects physical activity. Views from Urban Planning. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 23(2S), 64-73.

Houghton, K. (2010). Augmenting public urban spaces: The impact of the digital future on the design of public urban spaces. Queensland, Australia: Institute for Creative Industries and Innovation.

Jacobs, A. B., & Appleyard, D. (2007). Toward an Urban Design Manifesto. In M. Larice, & E. Macdonald, The Urban Design Reader (pp. 98-108). London and New York: Routledge.

Jacobs, J. (2007). The Uses of Sidewalks: Contact. In M. Larice, & E. Macdonald, The Urban Design Reader (pp. 80-92). London and New York: Routledge.

Landman, K. (2000). GATED COMMUNITIES AND URBAN SUSTAINABILITY: TAKING A CLOSER LOOK AT THE FUTURE . Strategies for a Sustainable Built Environment , (pp. 2-7). Pretoria, South Africa.

Levent, T. B., & Gülümser, A. A. (2007). Gated Communities in Istanbul: The New Walls of the City. Istanbul: EURODIV PAPER.

Litman, T. (10th Dec 2012). Evaluating Non-Motorized Transportation Benefits and Costs. Victoria, Canada: Victoria Transport Policy Institute.

Lockerbie, J. (2005). Old Qatar 01. Retrieved from Catnaps: http://catnaps.org/islamic/islaqatold.html

Lynch, K. (2007). Dimensions of Performance. In M. Larice, & E. Macdonald, The Urban Design Reader (pp. 109-114). London and New York: Routledge.

Mahgoub, Y., & Khalfani, F. (2012). Sustainability of Gated Communities in Developing Countries. Developing Country Studies. IISTE , 53- 63. Max-Neef, M., Elizalde, A., & Hopenhayn, M. (1992). Development and human needs. Real-life economics: Understanding wealth creation, 197-213.

Minora, L. (2010, July 23th). New East Village Bike Lanes: Good for Bikers, Bad for Business. Retrieved from villagevoice.com: file:///D:/2012-2013/Townscape/bicycle/case%20study3.htm

Mitchell, W. J. (1999). E-topia "Urban Life, Jim--But Not As We Know It" . Cambridge MA: MIT Press.

Mokhtarian, P.L. and Salmon. I. (2002). How derived is the demand for travel? Some conceptual and measurement considerations; Transportation Research part A, 33.

Painter K. (1996). The influence of street lighting improvements on crime, fear and pedestrian street use, after dark, Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 35, 193-201.

Qatar Bicycle Study Team. (2006). Recommended Qatar Bicycle NetworK. Doha: Public Work Authority.

Qatar construction sites. (2011). JTC building the first bicycle path in Doha. Qatar construction sites , 1.

QatarMap. (2012). Accommodation. Retrieved from Qatar Map: http://www.qatarmap.org/compound

Rockville City Government. (n.d.). Bicycling for Transportation. Retrieved from City of Rockville: http://www.rockvillemd.gov/recreation/bicycling/bike-transportation.htm

Roth, M. (2010, May 10th). San Francisco Gets Its First Green Bike Lanes on Market Street . Retrieved from SF Streets Blog.org: file:///D:/2012-2013/Townscape/bicycle/case%20study%204.htm

Saelens, B. E., Sallis, J. F., Black, J. B., and Chen. D. (2003). Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: An environment scale evaluation. American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 93(9): 1552-1558.

Sambidge, A. (2009, march 20). Doha traffic congestion is main concern - survey. Retrieved from Arabian Business: http://www.arabianbusiness.com/doha-traffic-congestion-is-main-concern-survey-64863.html

Schwartz, A. (2010). A Network Of Elevated Bike Lanes For London. Retrieved from Co Exist : file:///D:/2012-2013/Townscape/bicycle/case%20study%20London.htm

Statistics, I. W. (2013). Qatar Number of Internet Users . Retrieved from Economy Watch: http://www.economywatch.com/economic-statistics/Qatar/Internet_Users/

Statistics, T. M. (2013). Time Use Survey. Doha.

Teipelke, R. (2011). The ‘Gate’ in ‘Gated Communities’. Retrieved from Places: http://blog.inpolis.com/2011/08/26/the-gate-in-gated-communities/

The Independent Team. (2011, February 24th). Cycle share scheme proving surprise hit in Qatar. Retrieved from The Independent: http://www.independent.co.uk/travel/news-and-advice/cycle-share-scheme-proving-surprise-hit-in-qatar-2224147.html

Touman, A. H. (2002). GATED COMMUNITIES: PHYSICAL CONSTRUCTION OR SOCIAL DESTRUCTION TOOL? Grenoble2: Université PIERRE MENDES FRANCE

Urbanisim, C. f. (2007). Charter of the New Urbanism. In M. Larice, & E. Macdonald, The Urban Design Reader (pp. 308-311). London and New York: Routledge.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/mjce.v29.150

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2018 Penerbit UTM Press, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.
Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.