A LABORATORY STUDY OF VIBRATION EFFECT FOR DEFORMABLE DOUBLE-POROSITY SOIL WITH DIFFERENT MOISTURE CONTENT

Loke Kok Foong, Norhan Abd Rahman, Mohd Zamri Ramli

Abstract


Earthquake vibration is a natural disaster that needs to be addressed in ensuring the geo-environment is sustainably secure. A physical laboratory model was conducted to characterize the phenomena of vibrated deformable double-porosity under different moisture content. The double-porosity soil characteristic is formed by aggregating kaolin soil with 32% and 33% moisture content. A vibrating table and seismic accelerometer were installed on soil sample in order to vibrate the whole acrylic soil column to get the peak table acceleration and peak specimen surface acceleration of the soil sample. The results show that the acceleration response analysis for the sample with 32% moisture content has caused sample dis-amplification shaking, while the sample with 33% moisture content has caused the sample amplification shaking and re-compact process to occur due to strong vibration. It was recorded that both vibrated samples have soil structure rearrangement and multi-porosity characteristics identified as problematic double-porosity soil expected to contribute to the speed of liquid penetration. In addition, the microscope result shows both samples have crumbs with diameter less than 0.5cm, which is considered to have granular soil structure.Thus, both samples displayed the characters of soil liquidity as the moisture content for both samples is close to kaolin soil liquid limit at 41%, and granules started to disintegrate at the moisture content of 34%.

Keywords


Double-Porosity Soil, Vibration Effect, Moisture Content, Acceleration Response Analysis

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bagherieh, A.R., Khalili, N., Habibagahi, G. and Ghahramani, A. (2009). Drying Response and

Effective Stress in a Double Porosity Aggregated Soil. Engineering Geology, 105: 44 – 50.

Barry, J.A., Jeffrey, J.D., and Ehsani, M.R. (2008). Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics. Boca

Raton: Taylor & Francis Group, CRC Press., 161pp.

Bourgeat, A., Luckhaus, S. and Mikelic, A. (1996). Convergence of the Homogenization Process

for a Double-Porosity Model of Immiscible Two-Phase Flow. SIAM Journal on Mathematical

Analysis, 27(6): 1520 – 1543.

Carminati, A., Kaestner, A., Lehmann, P.and Fluhler, H. (2008). Unsaturated Water Flow across

Soil Aggregate Contacts. Adv. Water Resource, 31: 1221-1232.

El-Zain, A., Carter, J.P. and Airey, D.W. (2006). Three-Dimensional Finite Elements for the

Analysis of Soil Contamination Using a Multiple-Porosity Approach. International Journal

for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 30: 577 – 597.

Hayden, N.J. and Voice, T.C. (1993). Microscopic Observation of a NAPL in a Three-FluidPhase

Soil System. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 12: 217 – 226.

Kamaruddin, S.A., Sulaiman, W.N.A., Rahman, N.A., Zakaria, M.P., Mustaffar, M. and Sa’ari,

R. (2011a). A Review of Laboratory and Numerical Simulations of Hydrocarbons Migration

in Subsurface Environments. Journal of EnvironmentalScience and Technology, 4(3): 191-

Kamaruddin, S.A., Sulaiman, W.N.A., Rahman, N.A., Zakaria, M.P., Mustaffar, M. and Sa’ari, R.

(2011b). Two-dimensional Laboratory Investigation of Light Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid

Migration in Subsurface Environment. In Contemporary Environment Quality Management

in Malaysia and Selected Countries.Serdang :Universiti Putra Malaysia Press.

Lakeland, D.L., Rechenmacher, A., and Ghanem, A. (2014). Toward A Complete Model of Soil

Liquefaction: The Importance of Fluid Flow and Grain Motion. Proc. R. Soc. A470:

Lewandowska, J., Szymkiewicz, A., Gorczewska, W. and Vauclin, M. (2005). Infiltration in a

Double-Porosity Medium: Experiments and Comparison with a Theoretical Model. Water

Resources Research, 41: W02022.

Li, X. and Zhang, L.M. (2009). Characterization of Dual-Structure Pore-Size Distribution of Soil.

Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 46: 129 – 141.

Loke, K.F., Rahman, N.A., and Nazir, R. (2016). Laboratory Study for Deformable DoublePorosity

Soil with Vibration Effect. Proceedings of 6th International Graduate Conference

on Engineering, Science & Humanitie. Johor Bahru, Malaysia, 65-68.

Masciopinto, C., Benedini, M., Troisi, S., and Straface, S. (2001). Conceptual Models and Field

Test Results in Porous and Fractured Media. In Katsifarakis K.L. (eds.). Groundwater

Pollution Control. Southampton, UK: WIT Press, 245-293.

MuguntanVanar, Ruben Sario, Stephanie Lee (2015, June 5). Strong earthquake strikes Sabah.

The Star Online. From http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2015/06/05/sabah-quake/

Retrieved 12th November 2015.

Ngien, S.K., Rahman, N.A., Ahmad, K. and Lewis, R.W. (2012a). A Review of Experimental

Studies on Double-Porosity Soils. Scientific Research and Essays, 7(38): 3243-3250.

Ngien, S.K., Rahman, N.A., Ahmad, K. and Lewis, R.W. (2012b). Numerical Modelling of

Multiphase Immiscible Flow In Double-Porosity Featured Groundwater Systems.

International Journal of Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 36: 1330-1349.

Ngien, S.K., Rahman, N.A., Bob, M.M., Ahmad, K., Sa’ari, R., and Lewis, R.W. (2011).

Observation of Light Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid Migration in Aggregated Soil Using Image

Analysis. Transport in Porous Media, 92: 83-100.

Pao, W.K.S. and Lewis, R.W. (2002). Three-dimensional Finite Element Simulation of ThreePhase

Flow In A Deforming Fissured Reservoir. Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Eng, 191:

-2659.

Peng, Z., Aiken, C., Kilb, D., Shelly, D.R., and Enescu, B. (2012). Listening To the 2011

Magnitude 9.0 Tohoku-Oki, Japan, Earthquake. Seismological Research Letters, 83(2): 287-

Ryzhik, V. (2007). Spreading of a NAPL Lens in a Double-Porosity Medium. Computational

Geosciences, 11: 1 – 8.

Sa’ari, R., Rahman, N.A., Abdul Latif, H.N., Yusof, Z.M., Ngien, S.K., Kamaruddin, S.A.,

Mustaffar, M. and Hezmi, M.A. (2015). Application of Digital Image Processing Technique

in Monitoring LNAPL Migration In Double-Porosity Soil Column. Jurnal Teknologi, 3(72):

-29.

Stephanie Lee (2015, Dec 22).Tawau residents shaken by quake. The Star Online. From

http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2015/12/22/tawau-residents-shaken-by-quake-earlymorning-tarakan-temblor-sends-people-running-out-of-homes/

Retrieved 21th Jan 2016.

Valliappan, S. and Khalili-Naghadeh, N. (1990). Flow through Fissured Porous Media with

Deformable Matrix. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering, 29: 1079 –




DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/mjce.v28n0.459

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2018 Penerbit UTM Press, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.
Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.