EFFECT OF SYNTHETIC DRILL CUTTINGS ON MORTAR PROPERTIES

Magdi H. Almabrok, Robert G. McLaughlan, Kirk Vessalas

Abstract


Drill cuttings from oil exploration are recognised as a major environmental concern. Current cost-effective treatment technologies often involve sending treated products to landfill without any potential end-use thereby rendering these solutions unsustainable. There is potential for using drill cuttings comprising of oily, saline and clayey waste materials as fine aggregate replacements in structural concretes requiring characteristic compressive strength from 20-32 MPa. Research into the hydration process as well as evaluating the fresh and hardened properties of mortars incorporating synthetic drill cuttings were undertaken. Replacement of sand by synthetic drill cuttings (up to 25% by weight) produced mortar with accelerated hydration as well as reduced flow and density. In addition, the 28-day compressive strength of mortar incorporating synthetic drill cuttings decreased by up to 50%. Satisfactory strength for all sand replacement levels evaluated in mortars was still attainable for reuse of these synthetic of drill cuttings as fine aggregate replacements in structural concretes.

Keywords


Mortars, drill cuttings, hydration, stabilisation, solidification

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, D. A., and Mohammed, M. R. (2011). Influence of chloride ion on the hydration reaction of C3A in presence of gypsum and lime. Advances in Cement Research 23: 309-316.

Ajagbe, W. O., Omokehinde, O. S., Alade, G. A., and Agbede, O. (2012). Effect of crude oil impacted sand on compressive strength of concrete. Construction and Building Materials 26: 9-12.

Akinkurolere, O. O., Jiang, C., and Shobola, O. M. (2007). The influence of salt water on the compressive strength of concrete. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 2: 412 - 415.

Al-Ansary, M., Pöppelreiter, M. C., Al-Jabry, A., and Iyengar, S. R. (2012). Geological and physiochemical characterisation of construction sands in Qatar. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment 1: 64 - 84.

Al-Ansary, M. S., and Al-Tabbaa, A. (2007). Stabilisation/solidification of synthetic petroleum drill cuttings. Journal of Hazardous Materials 141: 410-421.

AS 1379 (2007). Specification and supply of concrete: Standards Australia International Ltd.

AS 2350.12 (2006). Methods of testing Portland, blended and masonry cements. Preparation of a standard mortar and moulding of specimens. Standards Australia International Ltd.

ASTM C109/C109M (2013). Standard test method for compressive strength of hydraulic cement mortars (Using 2-in. or 50-mm cube specimens). American Society for Testing and Materials, USA.

ASTM C138 (2010). Standard test method for density (Unit Weight), yield, and air Content (Gravimetric) of concrete. American Society for Testing and Materials, USA.

ASTM C150/C150M (2012). Standard specification for Portland cement. American Society for Testing and Materials, USA.

ASTM C807 (2013). Standard test method for time of setting of hydraulic cement mortar by modified vicat needle. American Society for Testing and Materials, USA.

ASTM C1437 (2007). Standard test method for flow of hydraulic cement mortar. American Society for Testing and Materials, USA.

ASTM C1679 (2013). Standard practice for measuring hydration kinetic of hydraulic cementitious mixtures using isothermal calorimetry. American Society for Testing and Materials, USA.

Attom, M., Hawileh, R., and Naser, M. (2013). Investigation on concrete compressive strength mixed with sand contaminated by crude oil products. Construction and Building Materials 47: 99-103.

Ezeldin, A. S., Vaccari, D. A., Bradford, L., Dilcer, S., and Farouz, E. (1992). Stabilisation and solidification of hydrocarbon – contaminated soils in concrete. Journal of Soil Contamination 1: 61-79.

Fan, Y., Zhang, S., Kawashima, S., and Shah, S. P. (2014). Influence of kaolinite clay on the chloride diffusion property of cement-based materials. Cement and Concrete Composite 45: 117-124.

Fwa, T. F., and Wei, L. (2006). Design of rigid pavements. In T. F. Fwa (Ed.), The handbook of highway engineering: CRC Press. Singapore, 4 - 9

Hago, A. W., Hassan, H. F., Al Rawas, A., Taha, R., and Al-Hadidi, S. (2007). Characterisation of concrete blocks containing petroleum-contaminated soils. Costruction and Building Materials 21: 952 - 957.

Jensen, H. U. (1987). The effect of sea-water on the hydration of cement and fly-ash cement blends.Ph.D. Thesis,University of London.

Kroyer, H., Lindgreen, H., Jakobsen, H. J., and Shibsted, J. (2003). Hydration of Portland cement in the presence of clay minerals studied by Si and AI MAS NMR spectroscopy. Advances in Cement Research 15:103-112.

Leonard, S. A., and Stegemann, J. A. (2010 a). Stabilisation / solidification of petroleum drill cuttings. Journal of Hazardous Materials 174: 463-472.

Opete, S., Mangibo, I., and Iyagba, T. (2010). Stabilisation/solidification of synthetic Nigerian drill cuttings. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 4: 149-153.

OPSS 315 (2010). Construction specification for concrete sidewalk. Ontario Provincial Standard Specification, Canada.

Smith, M., Manning, A., and Lang, M. (1999). Research on the re-use of drill cuttings onshore. Report no. Cordah/COR012/1999: Cordah Research Limited, Aberdeen, Scotland, for Talisman Energy (UK).

Taha, R., Al-Nuaimi, N., Kilayli, A., and Salem, A. B. (2014). Use of local discarded materials in concrete. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment 3: 35 - 46.

Tuncan, M., and Koyuncu, H. (1997). Stabilisation of petroleum contaminated drilling wastes by additives. Proceeding of 7th International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference. Honolulu,USA.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.11113/mjce.v30n3.516

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2018 Penerbit UTM Press, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.
Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.